The pruning of succulents is done to multiply the amount of succulents you have, or to control their development. So, for example, if you have an Opuntia that has grown too much, you can cut some stalks (leaves) to make it more beautiful, and then plant them in pots or in other corners of the garden to make new plants.
It’s best to prune most succulents in the Spring, as this is their active growing phase. You will need a knife, regular scissors or a pruner. Regardless of the tool you use, it is crucial that you disinfect it before and after use.
Once you have the tool and the plant, make sure the first cut you do is as close as possible to the stem. By doing this you will get a very lovely and healthy cutting. Before planting the cuttings in a pot or the garden, let the wound dry for about 10 – 14 days in an area where the sun does not shine directly, and then plant it.
The rooting time will depend on the species, but generally, in 10 – 14 days they begin to sprout roots. We’ll have to have a little patience and keep the substrate or soil moist (but not waterlogged).
Instructions for succulent pruning
- Examine the leaves of the stem to be pruned to determine where to cut. Find a leaf or leaf knot that points in the direction you want the stem to grow, then cut just above this point. The new growth at the pruning point will branch out in the course of the leaf node.
- Cut through the stem half an inch (1.2 cm) from the desired leaf or node. Cut at a 45-degree angle with a clean, sharp knife.
- Remove up to one-third of the length of each stem to be pruned. Depending on the varieties of succulents, the length of each pruned stem varies to give the plant a better visual appeal.
Recommendations for succulent pruning
- Prune the succulents in early Spring, just before the new growth begins. As for their flowering varieties, prune them after flowering or during the winter season when they are dormant.
- Succulent pruning can take root and grow on new plants. To do this, plant the cuttings in a pot of moist soil and keep it moist until the sources of the bark show signs of new growth.